Dyslexia: Beyond Awareness
Learning to read through equitable, evidence-based literacy practices is a fundamental right for all students. It is the solemn responsibility of many stakeholders, including teacher preparation programs, teachers, districts, and parents/families, to make that right a reality.
After third grade, students who display reading problems will likely remain poor readers for the rest of their lives without intensive intervention. So, early identification and instruction using evidence-based, explicit, and systematic methods is absolutely necessary. Prevention, rather than remediation, is crucial for long-term student success because waiting for students to fail is a costly mistake.
These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological components of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities. In addition, the difficulties are not typically a result of ineffective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”
This definition of dyslexia is adopted by the 65th WA State Legislature, 2018 Regular Session.
Starting in the 2021-2022 school year, schools are required to screen students K-2 for “indications of, or areas associated with, dyslexia”. Once a student is identified as having dyslexia, they must be provided with instruction and “evidence based, multisensory structured literacy interventions” within an multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) model. The screening results and intervention plan must also be communicated with parents/caregivers, in order to form a partnership for the benefit of the student in question.
Dyslexia in the Classroom
Early screening and intervention is the key to addressing and overcoming difficulties associated with dyslexia.
It’s important for teachers to understand that students with dyslexia may not qualify for special education services, so they must be served in the general education classroom.
Once a student has been identified as having dyslexia, explicit, systematic and cumulative, multi-sensory instruction will help them learn to read and write well.
What is Explicit, Multi-Sensory Instruction?
Explicit instruction is a method of teaching that provides students with an understanding of what they are learning, why they are learning it, and how to achieve a learning target through explicit modeling, concrete examples, and opportunities to practice their learning with peer support and teacher feedback. This instructional model follows a gradual release of responsibility framework that culminates in independent practice as a demonstration of mastery.
Multi-sensory instruction combines the four domains of language (reading, writing,speaking, and listening) with a tactile or kinesthetic activity.
Structured literacy is a teaching methodology that explicitly teaches decoding skills in a systematic and cumulative manner.
This type of instruction not only benefits students with dyslexia, but all students.
The Dyslexia Beyond Awareness Online Zoom Summit presented by Joyful Literacy is May 12 & 13, 2022.
Reading is a social justice issue that requires moving towards equity and multi-tiered support for all children. The ability to read provides students with opportunities to explore identity, diversity, anti-bias, and engage in meaningful and appropriate social action behaviors.
This summit focuses on defining what dyslexia is, how to screen for it, and what we can do in our classrooms with all children including those who present with learning differences like dyslexia.
Register online by clicking here.
- CityU’s Master in Teaching (MIT) Elementary Ed + Reading
- CityU Continuing Education – Endorsement in Reading
- CityU’s MED, Specialized Study – Reading
- Fill out this form to contact a CityU Enrollment Advisor and learn more about the state-approved Endorsement in Reading or CityU’s MED, Specialized Study – Reading
- Facebook Groups:
- Professional Development
- Reading 101: A Guide to Teaching Reading and Writing
- Audio Documentary: Hard Words: Why Aren’t Kids Being Taught to Read by Emily Hanford
Reading Endorsement Partnership
This partnership program will provide continuing education for current certificated teachers in evidence-based literacy instruction.
At the conclusion of the program, teachers will have:
- An additional endorsement added to their teaching certificate
- 17 credits to put towards certificate renewal or a potential salary revision (district-dependent)
- A wealth of foundational and practical knowledge to apply to the classroom in order to equitably support a diverse student population in literacy instruction.
Find out more by filling out this form.
Science of Reading: The Podcast
S4-E14: What it takes to be a literacy education changemaker: Kareem Weaver